PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PALESTINE
In 2017 we have Google Earth, Google Maps and other resources to learn about distant places. Let's start with Egypt. Egypt for all practical purposes is the Nile River. Civilization exists along this river and this river controls the whole country. The Nile as with the Mississippi and Amazon etc. deposits silt at its exit. When the colloidal silt in the river water comes into contact with salt water from the ocean, the silt is deposited and this is the reason for a river's delta. The Nile delta is particularly wide about 150 miles or so.
Path of the House of Israel from Egypt to the Promised Land
The people of the House of Israel were living in captivity in a place called Goshen. As far as I know this was on the eastern side of the Nile delta. They started their Exodus (Ex 12:37) from Ramses.
Moses stopped to pick up the bones of Joseph
Ex 13:19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.
Jos 24:32 And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph
Moses took the bones of Joseph because obviously it was important. Shechem was the capital of Ephraim. They did not pick up the bones of Judah which would have been laid out in the Sun for dung (Jer 8:1-3) in any event.
I believe that Ron Wyatt discovered the correct path of the house of Israel (HOI). The HOI was fleeing the Pharaoh and his Egyptian army. The HOI did not, as is typically assumed, go south to the bottom of the Sinai peninsula and then north up the western shore of the Gulf of Aqaba as that certainly would not have been the shortest route. The HOI crossed the Gulf of Suez (Red Sea) and continued in a South Easterly direction towards the Gulf of Aqaba at Nuweibaa (N 28.98, E 34.65) on the coast where the actual crossing of theGulf of Suez took place. After spending an undetermined amount of time at the true Mt. Sinai in Saudi Arabia, the HOI then continued north and slightly east into the plains of Moab. This is basically the area east of the line from the southern most part of the Dead Sea to the port of Aqaba. They passed the Dead Sea on their left and journeyed to a place where they would enter from the east into the promised land, then called Canaan. Moses was able to view (Deut 34:1-4) the promised land from Mt. Nebo although he was not allowed to enter it. Mt. Nebo, E35.725, N31.765, 2680 feet above sea level and Pisgah just to the SW are clearly shown on Google Earth.
Wyatt Archaeological Museum
2502 Lynnville Hwy – Cornersville TN 37047
Egypt- Saudi Arabia Red Sea Crossing
In 1978 Ron Wyatt found chariot parts encrusted in coral in the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea) just off the Egyptian shore. Lev 18:15
Since the Biblical account tells how the people after they crossed the Gulf of Aqaba arrived at the Wilderness of Shur (Ex. 15:22) towards the Wilderness of Sin (Ex 16:1) towards Mt. Sinai. The HOI crossed the Gulf of Aqaba at that point on their way to Mount Sinai which is called in Arabic, Jebal el lawz (Mountain of the Laws). The attached video is not just informative but convincing.
Ron claims that the Egyptian crossing place was Nuweibaa, a large beach area and next to a noticeable sand bar in the Gulf of Aqaba. 28.98 North and 34.650 East.
There is an undersea land bridge connecting the two shores of the Gulf of Aqaba. There is also a rock wash from the mountain passes on both the Egyptian and Saudi Arabian sides. This may have been where the undersea land bridge material came from. The undersea land bridge has a maximum depth of 900 feet. Under- the-sea land on both sides, north and south, of the land bridge is approximately 5000 to 6000 feet deep.
The Gulf of Aqaba, which Ron knew to be the crossing site, separates the Sinai Peninsula (Egypt) from Saudi Arabia. Ron knew that there was no doubt as to the location of Mt. Sinai being in Arabia. But where in Arabia?
Wyatt believes that the true Mt. Sinai is Jebel el Lawz, North 28.654 East 35.3 and 8233 feet above sea level in Saudi Arabia. This mountain is described in Ex 19:18-23
Jordan River Crossing --
The Jordan River crossing point is an historic crossing area. The Jordan river apparently has high banks and there are few fords where people and animals can cross. The crossing is described in Jos 3:13-17. The crossing ford is called Adam Bridge or Damiya in Arabic. In verse 13 we find out that Yahweh caused the Jordan to stop flowing " . . . they shall stand upon a heap". The word "heap" is translated from H5067 and I guess the best description in English is a standing pile of water. The House of Israel crossed the Jordan River on "dry" ground. Verse 17 uses the word "clean". The underlying Hebrew word H8552 means completely. So they all crossed on dry ground.
In Psalm 78:13 the same word (Heap) is used in conjunction with the Red Sea. We know that this is the crossing point because it has historic significance and because it is not far from Gilgal. The crossing at Adam Bridge is about 6 miles from Gilgal (Jos 4:19), the first settlement in the Promised Land for the House of Israel.
This area was ultimately given to Manasseh. From Google Earth we learn that the elevation of Adam Bridge is about 1150 feet below sea level. The coordinates for the bridge are 31.973 N and 35.545 E. You can see pictures of the bridge and the surrounding area. The mound called Tell Adam is also fascinating. Excellent pictures can be found at www.biblewalks.com/sites/Adambridge.html This crossing point is ancient and it is the oldest bridge in the Jordan River Valley.
There are about 69 miles per degree of latitude. Using trigonometry one can determine that Gilgal is about 6 miles from the crossing. The walk from Adam Bridge to Gilgal can be done in a single day even while carrying a stone on one's shoulders.
Gilgal is 4.86 miles straight line east west to the Jordan River. Its coordinates are 32.001 N and 35.445 E. Shechem is N 32.2092 and E35.295. It is 5 miles SE of Nablus and 5 miles NE of Gerizim.
Mt. Gerizim is at N 32.193 and 35.265 E and 2849 feet above sea level. It is south of Nablus. There are two towns on the top of this mountain. Jasbal al Tur and Bracha.
Mt. Ebal (Jabal Aybal) is 32.235 N and 35.27 E., 3084 feet above sea level. Nablus is SSW of Mt. Ebal. Mt. Ebal is NNE of Nablus.
From Wikipedia -- "A rift valley is a linear-shaped lowland between several highlands or mountain ranges created by the action of a geologic rift or fault. A rift valley is formed on a divergent plate boundary, a crustal extension, a spreading apart of the surface, which is subsequently further deepened by the forces of erosion. When the tensional forces were strong enough to cause the plate to split apart, a center block dropped between the two blocks at its flanks, forming a graben. The drop of the center creates the nearly parallel steeply dipping walls of a rift valley when it is new. That feature is the beginning of the rift valley, but as the process continues, the valley widens, until it becomes a large basin that fills with sediment from the rift walls and the surrounding area. One of the best known examples of this process is the East African Rift. On Earth, rifts can occur at all elevations, from the sea floor to plateaus and mountain ranges in continental crust or in oceanic crust. They are often associated with a number of adjoining subsidiary or co-extensive valleys, which are typically considered part of the principal rift valley geologically."
Reviewing a topographical map of Palestine we find that the Jordan river is part of a rift valley that is essentially straight for about 200 miles, north to south. A rift valley is caused by two plates of the earth's crust coming together. In this case the Arabian and African plates created the Jordan Rift Valley. Here we have the greatest depression on the face of the earth with the Dead Sea being about 1368 feet below sea level. This rift is a structural weakness where the earth has a thin shell. The water level of the Sea of Galilee, while varying, is about 690 feet below sea level. Yes that was a surprise to me also. Hit the line to view a relief map of the whole of Palestine.
Rev 11:13 tells us that there is going to be a "great earthquake" in Jerusalem, Rev 11:8. This is not surprising in view of the tectonics of the area. Rev 16:18 tells us that there is going to be the greatest earthquake of all time. While the location is not specified, assuming that the epicenter of this earthquake is the ridge in Palestine would not be unreasonable.
Jerusalem and Bethlehem-judah are actually on the top of a ridge, actually a spline, which defines the country. Bethlehem is about 2500 feet and Jerusalem is about 3300 feet feet above sea level.
The Hudson River Valley in New York is somewhat similar. It is essentially north-south straight for 150 miles or so. It is on an earthquake fault and that is what caused the river valley in the first place.
Megiddo or Armageddon
Once you realize that Christ was born in Bethlehem-in-Galilee in the same Jezreel valley as where Armageddon or Megiddo (Rev 16:16) is to take place, then you realize how critically important this area is. This area is a flat agricultural area that has been inhabited for over 2700 years and is a true House of Bread. Because it is relatively flat many battles have been fought here. Nazareth for example has an average of 23 inches of rain a year. Considering the agricultural and climate characteristics of this area, it is extremely valuable. It will not be surrendered up easily. Here are some pictures of the Jezreel valley. Click on this link.
Bethlehem Judea vs. Bethlehem Galilee
These two cities are tremendously different from a physical viewpoint. Bethlehem-in-Galilee is in the Jezreel Valley and is surrounded by rich alluvial soil. It is called "Bethlehem of Galilee" on Google Earth. The Kishon river is relatively close to this area. It is in an agricultural area and has been the breadbasket of Palestine for over 3000 years.
Bethlehem Judea is 2548 feet above sea level and is on the ridge of the Judean Mountains. Its main industry is tourism. It is not an agricultural area and may be called a rock pile. There is no river water available for agricultural purposes nearby.